Presidential Timeline

1869

  • March 4: Grant inaugurated 18th President
  • May 9: Grant signed legislation establishing the 8-hour work day for federal employees
  • September 24: Black Friday, the collapse of the U.S. gold market

1870

  • February 3: Grant signed the 15th Amendment to the Constitution, giving black men the right to vote
  • February 9: Grant established The Division of Telegrams and Reports, the forerunner of the National Weather Service
  • June 22: Congress established the Department of Justice at Grant’s request
  • July 22: Grant sent troops to North Carolina to suppress KKK violence

1871

  • March 4: Congress passed the Civil Service Reform Act
  • April 20: Congress passed the 2nd Enforcement Act to suppress denial of African American rights
  • May 8: Treaty of Washington signed by the US and Great Britain
  • October 17: Grant suspends habeus corpus in several South Carolina counties

1872

  • March 1: Grant signed legislation establishing Yellowstone as the nation’s first national park
  • May 22: Grant signed the amnesty bill for former Confederates
  • June 10: Grant accepted the Republican nomination for a second term as president
  • September 24: Crédit Mobilier scandal eroded public trust
  • November 5: Grant was re-elected president, carrying 31 of 37 states

1873

  • February 12: Fourth Coinage Act passed, demonetizing silver
  • March 3: Congress passed the “Salary Grab” Act, doubling the President’s salary and giving raises to Supreme Court Justices and members of Congress. Public outcry forced Congress to rescind their retroactive raises.
  • May 22: Grant announces that he will use force if necessary to restore order in Louisiana

1874

  • April 22: Grant vetoed the inflation bill
  • September 17: Grant ordered US troops and naval vessels to New Orleans to restore law and order

1875

  • January 14: Grant signed the Resumption Act, returning the country to the gold standard
  • January 30: The US and Hawaii signed a trade treaty, giving land at Pu’u Loa to establish a US naval base
  • March 1: Civil Rights Act passed
  • May 10: Whiskey Ring scandal is exposed. Many of Grant’s appointees were indicted in this tax evasion scandal

1876

  • March 27: US v Cruikshank weakens the Civil Rights Act
  • June 25: Battle of Little Bighorn. An armed engagement between combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes against the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the US Army.
  • August: Belknap Trading Post Extortion Scam. Grant’s Secretary of War, William W. Belknap, accepted bribes from companies with licenses to trade on the reservations of many Native American tribes.
  • August 1: Colorado entered the Union as the 38th state